Project-Based Learning Model to Enhance Soft Skills of Vocational High School Students


  • Ida Tejawiani Universitas 17 Agustus 1945, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Indri Lastriyani Universitas 17 Agustus 1945, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Lidiawati Lidiawati Universitas 17 Agustus 1945, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Margono Margono Universitas 17 Agustus 1945, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Ida Farida Fitriyani Universitas 17 Agustus 1945, Jakarta, Indonesia



intrapersonal skills, interpersonal skills, project based learning, SMK, softskills


This study aimed to analyze students' interpersonal and intrapersonal skills at Integrated Vocational High School 1 Yaspida, where all students are in boarding schools and SMK Yasti district. Sukabumi, only 15% are boarding houses. The method used is qualitative with case studies. The data analysis technique used is the Miles and Huberman technique (data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion). The results of this study indicate that the soft skills of students at SMK YASTI and SMK Terpadu 1 Yaspida have the same results; students' interpersonal and intrapersonal skills are not affected by the presence of students living, whether they are in boarding school or not. Yasti Vocational School has a very good program, which can shape student characteristics and develop student soft skills, just like students who are in Islamic boarding schools. The soft skills aspect with the highest rating is the Collaboration aspect, and the lowest rating is on the leadership aspect. This research implies that through the implementation of project-based learning models, vocational high schools (SMK) can create a more realistic learning environment that is outcome-oriented and focused on developing skills needed in the working world and daily life.


Aldabbus, S. (2018). Project-Based Learning: Implementation & Challenges. International Journal of Education, Learning, and Development, 6(3), 71–79.

Bartels, S. L., Shaaban, C. E., Brum, W. S., Welikovitch, L. A., Folarin, R., Smith, A., Sexton, C., Titiner, J., Oliveira, D., Self, W., Quinn, J., Demnitz, N., Guo, T., & Karamacoska, D. (2022). Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on early career dementia researchers: A global online survey. PLoS ONE, 17(November 11).

Cheval, S., Adamescu, C. M., Georgiadis, T., Herrnegger, M., Piticar, A., & Legates, D. R. (2020). Observed and potential impacts of the covid-19 pandemic on the environment. Dalam International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (Vol. 17, Nomor 11).

Dinh, T. N. H., Bui, T. T. L., & Pham, T. A. (2020). Entrepreneurship And Sustainability Issues Impact Of Selected Factors On Stock Price: A Case Study Of Vietcombank In Vietnam. Entrepreneurship And Sustainability Issues, 7(4).

Faturrahman, A. P. H. (2019). Analisis Soft Skill Siswa Pada Siswa Smk Negeri 1 Banyudono Dalam Mendukung Kebutuhan Dunia industri 4.0.

Gössling, S., Scott, D., & Hall, C. M. (2020). Pandemics, tourism, and global change: a rapid assessment of COVID-19. Journal of Sustainable Tourism.

Handrianto, C., & Rahman, M. A. (2018). Project Based Learning: A Review of Literature on its Outcomes and Implementation Issues. LET Linguistics, Literature, and English Teaching Journal, 8(2), 110–129.

Huy, D. T. N., Loan, B. T. T., & Anh, P. T. (2020). Impact of selected factors on stock price: A case study of Vietcombank in Vietnam. Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, 7(4).

Kamdi, W. (2013). Implementasi Project-Based Learning Di Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Universitas Negeri Malang, 17(1), 98–110.

Mujiburrahman, M., Suhardi, M., & Hadijah, S. N. (2023). Implementasi Model Pembelajaran Project Base Learnig Di Era Kurikulum Merdeka. Community?: Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 2(2), 91–99.

Prasetyo, D. I., Herlambang, A. D., & ... (2020). Kesenjangan Profil Antara Hard Skills dan Soft Skills Lulusan SMK Jurusan Rekayasa Perangkat Lunak dengan Kebutuhan Industri Bidang Teknologi Informasi di Koa Malang. Jurnal Pengembangan Teknologi Informasi dan Ilmu Komputer, 4(9), 2902–2911.

Spagnolo, J., Gautier, L., Seppey, M., & D’souza, N. A. (2020). Re-thinking global and public health projects during the COVID-19 pandemic context: Considerations and recommendations for early- and not-so-early-career researchers. Social Sciences and Humanities Open, 2(1).

Sri Utaminingsih. (2013). Pengembangan Soft Skill Berbasis Karir Pada Smk Di Kota Semarang. Jurnal Pendidikan Ekonomi Dinamika Pendidikan, VI(2), 119–133.

Wijaya, E. Y., Sudjimat, D. A., & Nyoto, A. (2016). Transformasi Pendidikan Abad 21 Sebagai Tuntutan. Jurnal pendidikan, 1, 263–278.

Yuliharti, Y. (2019). Soft Skills Guru Pendidikan Agama Islam di Tingkat Sekolah Menengah Pertama Kota Pekanbaru ( Studi Kasus Di SMPN 4 Pekanbaru). Murabby: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 2(1), 22–33.