This study focuses on the ideological struggle in the 1955 elections in South Sulawesi. The practice of democracy made SARA the main menu of its implementation. Collected in electoral district twelve, South Sulawesi was in a tense political situation—the relaxation of the rules for organizing elections added to the dark traces of organizing this democratic party. The historical method is used in this research, which formulates research problems from a historical perspective. The procedures include searching and collecting sources (heuristics), source criticism (selection of materials), interpretation and comparison, and presenting or writing history (historiography). The results of this study show that the Masyumi party benefited from the pre-election situation in South Sulawesi. First, political campaigns were organized under the guidance of religion. Second, several Regional Heads affiliated with the Masyumi Party and election organizers facilitated Masyumi's interests toward the peak of power. Third, the interpretation of government regulations and circulars gave birth to the struggle strategy of the Star Moon banner. Fourth, Muhammadiyah's bipolar role in the Election Winning Action Committee.
Full text article
Ahmad, TA (2016). Campaigns and Political Fights in Central Java Leading Up to the 1955 General Election. Paramita: Historical Studies Journal, 26 (1), 45–61.
Asriana, N., Bacmid, S., Syaifullah, MS, & Jalil, A. (2021). The Influence of Perception and Minimum Capital on Investment Interest in the Sharia Capital Market (Study of Students at the Faculty of Economics and Islamic Business, IAIN Palu). Journal of Islamic Banking and Finance, 3 (2), 82–100.
Chusnunia, C. (2017). Politics and Islamic boarding schools: The Role of the National Awakening Party in Lampung, 1999–2014/Chusnunia. University of Malaya.
Compton, R.B. (1993). The Crisis of Liberal Democracy: Secret Letters. In Secret Letters.
Dahl, RA, & Zainuddin, AR (2001). On democracy: Exploring the theory and practice of democracy in brief. Indonesian Obor Foundation.
Feith, H. (1999). 1955 General Election in Indonesia. (No Title).
Irdaniah, I., Andi Ima Kesuma, AIK, & Ridha, MR (2022). 1955 General Election in South Sulawesi: Case Study of Afdeeling Parepare. Phinisi Integration Review, 5 (2), 454–463.
Jafar, M. (2009). Development and Prospects of Local Political Parties in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam Province. Diponegoro University Postgraduate program.
Muhammadijah, M. (1995). Mukhtamar Muhammadijah News XXXII No. 5 .
Natsir, M. (1956). In the VIII Congress.
Pamungkas, NL, Widiyantoro, A., & Wicaksono, MA (2020). Political Relations and Religious Issues: PKS Political Dynamics and Action to Defend Islam in the 2019 Simultaneous Elections. Sospol: Journal of Social Politics, 6 (1), 70–84.
Putri, N.H., Laia, A., & Laia, B. (2023). Proportional System Of General Election In A Political Legal Perspective. Arrow Journal Of Justice, 2 (2), 50–60.
People Berdjoeang. (1954). "Inauguration Ceremony of the XII Regional General Election Committee in the Governorate."
Salam, A. (1998). General Elections in Historical Perspective: The 1955 Experience. Syamsuddin Haris et al., Contesting the New Order General Election, Jakarta: USAID & Obor.
Suryana, C., Fatihah, NA, Subki, MT, & Maulani, MI (2022). Government Systems: Democracy and Monarchy. Faculty of Da'wah and Communication, UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung.
Winahyu, R. (2014). The political image of the Gerindra party towards Prabowo Subianto in the 2009 presidential election.